It has already been used by the ancient Greeks; the temperature of the steam bath is between 43 and 48°C. Traditional steam bath is called the Turkish steam bath with a humidity level of 100%. Roman steam bath has a lower 70% humidity. Various aromas are used in the Roman steam baths. Recommended daily bathing time is 30 to 40 minutes once or twice a day.
Turkish, Romans and Greeks all recognised the pleasant impacts of steam bathing. Traditional Roman steam baths had various premises. Premises with less warmer and hotter air were alternating: caldarium, danarium, tepidarium, laconium, frigidarium. Hamam is the Turkish steam bath, where besides the sweating phase a massage is also used. The Arabs also use steam baths, which is called rasul (mud bath, Arabic bath), where the entire body is covered in mud and herbal steam is used in the steam chamber. The high humidity of the steam bath perfectly relaxes the body, the skin is filled with moisture and air passages are cleared. Similarly to sauna it has an immune system stimulating impact and helps to get rid of excreta. The air with high humidity helps to clean the mycoderm and breathing quality improves significantly.
Indications and counter-indications are identical as steam bath is also a bathing method using alternating temperature water. Useful for stimulating the blood circulation, in the case of muscle stiffness; helps to cope with stress and depression, ideal for dry and chapped skin, in the case of coughing, for rheumatic joint problems and for the improvement of the general condition of the body.